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All in Vivo Cells > Cell Card

Intraembryonic Epiblast Cells (Epb)

Unlike earlier epiblast cells, the intraembryonic cells only contribute to the embryo proper, and not to extraembryonic structures.

The ground state of the early embryonic cells lasts until late blastocyst stages (up to implantation, equivalent to day 7 in humans, E4.5 in mouse). Epiblast cells from later stages are considered primed cells, no longer defined as ground state. Among other differences, they are no longer capable of developing chimeras (in ex-vivo experimental conditions) and cells in female embryos will have an inactivated X chromosome. It is argued that most human embryonic stem cell lines are derived from the primed cell stages, correlating to the later epiblast stages (postimplantation) and not to inner cell mass and early epiblast ground state cells, as previously thought.
CS6.5 - CS9.5
Intraembryonic Epiblast Cells
Multiple Ancestors Single Ancestor No Descendants Develops from Part of Parent